Linux Professional Institute Certification

The Linux Professional Institute (LPI) currently offers three different certification programs. The core certification program LPIC (short for Linux Professional Institute Certification) contains three different levels addressing distinct aspects of Linux system administration. LPI also offers an introductory Linux certificate called Linux Essentials, as well as a certification testing DevOps tools, called LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer (OT stands for Open Technology).

Relevance and Updates of the Certifications

Exam Format

LPI exams are delivered onsite at Linux and open source events, or through the network of the test centres such as Pearson VUE. The exams are made up of multiple choice questions with a single response, multiple choice question with multiple responses, and fill in the blank questions. Linux Essentials is a 60-minute exam with 40 questions, while all other exams are 90 minutes with 60 questions. LPI offers exams in the following languages: English, German, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish (Modern), Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional) and Japanese, although not all exams are available in all languages.

Exam Objectives

The wider community of Linux professionals plays an important part in the objective development process for LPI exams. Once the LPI staff has developed a structure and description for a certification, community input is collected through a Job Task Analysis. The purpose of the JTA is to poll a large group of Linux professionals about the tasks a candidate would be expected to complete in a certain field. The responses are compiled and have significant influence on the shape the exam objectives.

Relevance and Certification Updates

As part of the certification maintenance and quality assurance, LPI does the review and revision of the objectives for each certification every three years. The exam items are written and screened by writers and supervisors, respectively. To assure the exam items are accurate and relevant, they are put through a technical review by a group of Linux experts. The following are the current version numbers for each of LPI's certifications. The version numbers reflect which certifications have been around for the longest, and thus have required more updates over time.

Certification Validity

LPI is frequently updating its exams to keep pace with the ever-changing open source environment. For this reason, the validity of a LPI certification is 5 years. For example, if it has been over 5 years since candidate passed the LPIC-1, candidate would need to pass it again before receiving a potential LPIC-2 certification. Certifications can be renewed by certifying at a higher level (e.g. acquiring the LPIC-2 certification will renew your LPIC-1 for an additional 5 years). Acquiring an LPIC-3 certification will renew the LPIC-1 and LPIC-2, but not other LPIC-3 certifications. The exception is the Linux Essentials certificate, which has lifetime validity.

Essentials Program

The Essentials Program was created for candidates who are starting a career in open source or who wish to test their level of Linux knowledge. The knowledge base acquired through the Linux Essentials program can serve as a stepping stone to the more advanced LPIC Professional Certification track for Linux System Administrators.

Linux Essentials

Linux Essentials is an entry level certification that was introduced in 2012. This certification requires only one exam. It tests the candidate's ability to use a basic command line editor and demonstrate an understanding of processes, programs and components of the Linux operating system. The Linux Essentials certification is not part of the LPIC and LPIC-OT certification program.

Current Version: 1.5 (Exam code 010-150)
Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this certification
Requirements: Passing the Linux Essentials 010 exam
Validity Period: Lifetime
Languages: English, German. The exam may be written in the following languages only at

paper-based exam events: Portuguese (Brazilian), Italian, Dutch, Spanish (Modern), Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional)

LPIC Program

The current LPIC certification program consists of the LPIC-1 Certified Linux Administrator, LPIC-2 Certified Linux Engineer, and LPIC-3 Linux Enterprise Professional certifications.

LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 are one track certifications focusing on Linux System Administration. LPIC-3 level of certifications has several specialities; LPIC-3 300: Linux Enterprise Professional Mixed Environment, LPIC-3 303: Linux Enterprise Professional Security, and LPIC-3 304: Linux Enterprise Professional Virtualization and High Availability.

LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 certifications each require passing two exams, while each LPIC-3 level of certification requires passing a single exam.

Each exam has a series of topics which make up the exam objectives. Each objective has an associated weight that corresponds to the frequency of exam questions from that objective.

LPIC-1

LPIC-1 Certified Linux Administrator was first published on the 11th of January, 2000 and was originally called Linux Server Professional (LPIC-1).[1] The certification was revised in 2005, 2012 and February 2015.[1]

To be awarded the LPIC-1 certification the candidate must successfully pass two exams, 101 and 102. These can be taken in any order.

LPIC-1 certified professionals have the ability to perform maintenance tasks with the command line, install and configure a computer running Linux and be able to configure basic networking.

Previously the 101 exam was split into two alternative exams, one including questions on the RPM Package Manager, and the other on Deb (file format). After the update in 2005 these have been merged into a single exam, and candidates are expected to know about both topics.

Current Version: 4.0 (Exam codes 101-400 and 102-400)
Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this certification
Requirements: Passing exams 101 and 102
Validity Period: 5 years
Languages: English, German, Italian, Portuguese (Brazilian), Spanish (Modern),

Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional) and Japanese

LPIC-1 Exam 101 Topics[2]

LPIC-1 Exam 102 Topics[3]

  • Shell Programming & Scripting and Data Management
  • User Interfaces and Desktops
  • Administrative Tasks
  • Essential System Services
  • Networking Fundamentals
  • Security

LPIC-2

LPIC-2[4] is the second certification in LPI's multi-level professional certification program. This certification was first published on the 29th of November, 2001 under the name Linux Network Professional (LPIC-2). The LPIC-2 certification was revised 2013 and February 2017.

LPIC-2 certified professionals have the ability to administer small to medium-sized mixed networks, supervise assistants and advise the upper management.

Prerequisites: The candidate must have an active LPIC-1 certification to receive your LPIC-2 certification, but the LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 exams may be taken in any order.

Current Version: 4.5 (Exam codes 201-450 and 202-450).
Prerequisites: The candidate must have an active LPIC-1 certification to receive LPIC-2

certification, but the LPIC-1 and LPIC-2 exams may be taken in any order

Requirements: Passing exams 201 and 202
Validity Period: 5 years
Languages: English, German, Portuguese (Brazilian), Japanese

LPIC-2 Exam 201 Topics[5]

  • Capacity Planning
  • Linux kernel
  • System startup
  • Filesystem and Devices
  • Advanced Storage Device Administration
  • Networking Configuration
  • System Maintenance

LPIC-2 Exam 202 Topics[6]

LPIC-3

The LPIC-3 Certification program represents the culmination of LPI's Linux Certification Program. LPIC-3 is designed for the enterprise-level Linux professional. The LPIC-3 program consists of a single exam for each area of specialty; LPIC-3 300 Mixed Environment, LPIC-3 303 Security and LPIC-3 304 High Availability and Virtualization.

In order to receive the LPIC-3 certification, candidate must have an active LPIC-2 certification, but the LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 exams may be taken in any order.

Passing at least one of the 300 series specialty exams (300, 303 or 304) leads to the LPIC-3 certification.

LPIC-3 300: Mixed Environments[7]

The LPIC-3 300: Mixed Environment certification covers the administration of Linux systems enterprise-wide in a mixed environment

Current Version: 1.0 (Exam code 300-100)
Prerequisites: The candidate must have an active LPIC-2 certification to receive LPIC-3

certification, but the LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 exams may be taken in any order

Requirements: Passing the 300 exam
Validity Period: 5 years
Languages: English, Japanese
LPIC- 3 Exam 300 Topics[8]
  • OpenLDAP Configuration
  • OpenLDAP as an Authentication Backend
  • Samba Basics
  • Samba Share Configuration
  • Samba User and Group Management
  • Samba Domain Integration
  • Samba Name Services
  • Working with Linux and Windows Clients

LPIC-3 303: Security[9]

The LPIC-3 303: Security certification covers the administration of Linux systems enterprise-wide with an emphasis on security.

Current Version: 2.0 (Exam code 303-200)
Prerequisites: The candidate must have an active LPIC-2 certification to receive LPIC-3

certification, but the LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 exams may be taken in any order

Requirements: Passing the 303 exam
Validity Period: 5 years
Languages: English, Japanese
LPIC- 3 Exam 303 Topics[10]
  • Cryptography
  • Host Security
  • Access Control
  • Network Security

LPIC-3 304: Virtualization and High Availability[11]

The LPIC-3 304: Virtualization and High Availability certification covers the administration of Linux systems enterprise-wide with an emphasis on Virtualization & High Availability.

Current Version: 2.0 (Exam code 304-200)
Prerequisites: The candidate must have an active LPIC-2 certification to receive LPIC-3

certification, but the LPIC-2 and LPIC-3 exams may be taken in any order

Requirements: Passing the 304 exam
Validity Period: 5 years
Languages: English, Japanese
LPIC- 3 Exam 304 Topics[12]
  • Virtualization
  • High Availability Cluster Management
  • High Availability Cluster Storage

LPI Open Technology Program

LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer[13]

Linux Professional Institute Open Technology DevOps Tools Engineer or LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer for short is the latest certification developed by LPI.

LPIC-OT DevOps Tools Engineer was published October 16, 2017. The certification tests proficiency in open source tools such as configuration automation and container virtualization, which are used to implement the DevOps collaboration model.

See also

References

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


Linux_Professional_Institute_Certification
 

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