Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud Platform
Developer(s) Google Inc.
Initial release October 6, 2011; 5 years ago (2011-10-06)
Development status Active
Written in
Platform Google App Engine, Google Compute Engine, Google Cloud Datastore, Google Cloud Storage, Google BigQuery, Google Cloud SQL
Type Cloud Storage, Web Development
License Proprietary

Google Cloud Platform is a cloud computing service by Google that offers hosting on the same supporting infrastructure that Google uses internally for end-user products like Google Search and YouTube.[1] Cloud Platform provides developer products to build a range of programs from simple websites to complex applications.[2][3]

Google Cloud Platform is a part of a suite of enterprise services from Google Cloud and provides a set of modular cloud-based services with a host of development tools. For example, hosting and computing, cloud storage, data storage, translations APIs and prediction APIs.[2]



On October 18, 2016, Google announced a new platform called Nomulus, which is an open source infrastructure that is available for everyone.[4] Nomulus powers Google's top-level domain (TLD) registries, such as .google, .how, .soy. It is Java based and the source code is released under the Apache 2.0 license, even though it is integrated with Google's Cloud Platform, using Google Cloud Datastore as its backend database.[5]

Nomulus runs unlimited TLD registries in a single shared instance, using horizontal scaling, and includes the features of Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP), WHOIS, reporting, and trademark protection. "It is the authoritative source for the TLDs that it runs, meaning that it is responsible for tracking domain name ownership and handling registrations, renewals, availability checks..."[6]

The project commenced after the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) approved a change to the Internet Domain System back in June 20, 2011.[7] The Board decided that by increasing the number of top-level domains from its then current number of 22, the internet would be redefined, giving people and businesses more flexibility and control over their online presence. "Expanding the number of TLDs will encourage innovation and result in competition and increased choice for Internet users."[8]


  • April 2008 - Google App Engine was released as a preview.[9]
  • May 2010 - Google Cloud Storage launched.[10]
  • July 2012 - Google creates the Google Cloud Platform Partner Program.[11]
  • October 2012 - shortly after the Amazon outage, Google App Engine experienced a major outage that also affected Tumblr and Dropbox.[12]
  • April 2012 - BigQuery, first presented in March, went into General Availability (GA).[13]
  • December 2013 - After an 18-month preview Google Compute Engine was released GA.[14]
  • February 2014 -Google Cloud SQL was released as GA.[15]
  • March 2014 - During the Google Cloud Platform Live, Google announced their biggest price drop affecting all products between a 30% and 85%.[16]
  • March 2014 - Google announced Managed Virtual Machines, a new feature to overcome the traditional limitations in Google App Engine.[17]
  • February 11, 2016 - Google Cloud Functions announced for preview [18]
  • February 22, 2016 - Google Cloud Dataproc entered general availability.[19]
  • October 18, 2016 - Nomulus was created

See also


  1. ^ "Why Google Cloud Platform". Retrieved . 
  2. ^ a b "Google Cloud Platform". Retrieved . 
  3. ^ "Google Cloud Products". Retrieved . 
  4. ^ "Introducing Nomulus: an open source top-level domain name registry". Google Open Source Blog. Retrieved . 
  5. ^ Lardinois, Frederic. "Google open sources the code that powers its domain registry". TechCrunch. Retrieved . 
  6. ^ "google/nomulus". GitHub. Retrieved . 
  7. ^ "ICANN Approves Historic Change to Internet's Domain Name System | Board Votes to Launch New Generic Top-Level Domains". Retrieved . 
  8. ^ "ICANN's expansion of top level domains. [electronic resource] : hearing bef...: Start Your Search!". Retrieved . 
  9. ^ "Introducing Google App Engine + our new blog". Google Developer Blog. 2008-04-07. Retrieved . 
  10. ^ Kincaid, Jason. "Google To Launch Amazon S3 Competitor 'Google Storage' At I/O". Retrieved 2016. 
  11. ^ "Introducing the Google Cloud Platform Partner Program: Helping businesses move to the cloud". Google Enterprise Blog. 2012-07-24. Retrieved . 
  12. ^ "Whoopsie! Google App Engine goes down". GigaOM. 2012-10-26. Retrieved . 
  13. ^ "Google opens up its BigQuery data analytics service to all". GigaOM. 2012-04-01. Retrieved . 
  14. ^ "Google Compute Engine is now Generally Available with expanded OS support, transparent maintenance, and lower prices". Google Developers Blog. 2013-12-02. Retrieved . 
  15. ^ "Google Cloud SQL now Generally Available with an SLA, 500GB databases, and encryption". Google Cloud Platform Blog. 2014-02-11. Retrieved . 
  16. ^ "Google Cloud Platform Live - Blending IaaS and PaaS, Moore's Law for the cloud". Google Cloud Platform Blog. 2014-03-25. Retrieved . 
  17. ^ "Bringing together the best of PaaS and IaaS". Google Cloud Platform Blog. 2014-03-27. Retrieved . 
  18. ^ "Google has quietly launched its answer to AWS Lambda". 
  19. ^ "Google Cloud Dataproc managed Spark and Hadoop service now GA". 

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.


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